1200 indigene Frauen in Kanada seit 1980 vermisst und ermordet
| December 10, 2014
What does it take to protect Indigenous women from violence?
Tina Fontaine was a young woman who should have had her whole life ahead of her. She was a much loved daughter, niece, sister and friend. She was also a citizen of the Sagkeeng First Nation and member of an Indigenous community with a rich cultural heritage. However, this past summer she also became another number in a shameful statistic: one of over 1,100 Indigenous women and girls to have gone missing or been murdered in Canada since 1980.
Responding to Tina's death, vigils were held, bringing together Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups in a renewed call for a national commission of inquiry into the appallingly high numbers of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls in Canada.
So far, the federal government has rejected these calls, saying now is the time for 'action'. Rather than further study, and citing the existence of at least 49 reports and inquiries into the issue as justification for its position, the government has funded initiatives to "reduce violence against aboriginal women and girls" over the next five years.
The federal government has insisted that the deaths and disappearances of Indigenous women and girls should be viewed as crimes, and not evidence of a disturbing sociological phenomenon.
Against this backdrop, the Legal Strategy Coalition on Violence Against Indigenous Women (LSC) formed. A network of Indigenous and non-Indigenous legal and advocacy groups and non-government organizations, formed after the murder of Inuk student Loretta Saunders, the LSC is examining closely the accuracy of the federal government's claims.
We have begun the enormous task of reading, analyzing, and synthesizing  the dozens of existing reports. These are our preliminary conclusions :
1. Further study is needed:
It is true that considerable research has already been undertaken. At least 50 reports, studies and articles have been published and they are easily available to policy makers and the public. However, few studies, and none of the inquiries and commissions undertaken to date, have specifically focused on missing and murdered Indigenous women as a national crisis.
2. This is a sociological phenomenon:
The reports display considerable consensus on the root causes of violence against Indigenous women: poverty, poor housing, little access to and support for education, few employment opportunities, the legacy of the residential school system, colonialism and other discriminatory Canadian policies towards Indigenous peoples. Clearly, this refutes the government's stance that this is a question of crime and violence.
Many of the reports advance recommendations to address this problem: more funding for community based Indigenous groups treating survivors and victims of violence and their families, more training for police engaging with Indigenous women and communities, more data collection and sharing, more public education and better coordination of services and programs. In other words, to effect change we must recognize social causes as components of violence against Indigenous women, and respond in a holistic way.
3. We need evidence-based, informed, and coordinated action:
Here are the things we know. First, there is agreement about both the root causes of violence against Indigenous women, and the measures needed to respond to this issue. Second, the implementation of existing recommendations has been piecemeal, with little coordination of implementation measures between different agencies and jurisdictions. Third, few provinces have committed to action and federal government measures are limited to violence and crime. It is difficult to determine what recommendations have been implemented, and which remain outstanding.
Any action that is meaningful and aims to resolve the issue must be based on evidence, coordinated across agencies and jurisdictions, and informed by a proper understanding of what has been done to date. Only a response containing these three elements can address the issue of violence against Indigenous women in the holistic way it requires.
This week at the Assembly of First Nations meeting in Winnipeg, violence against Indigenous women and girls features on the agenda. Chiefs will discuss the need for a national roundtable to coordinate action. Let's proceed on the basis of understanding what has been done to date and what further action is needed. Whatever the ultimate process, we cannot resolve this issue without informed, coordinated and evidence-based inquiry and commitment to action to end violence against Indigenous women and girls.
A summary of the reports can be viewed at: LSC summary of reports reviewed, as at 6 December 2014 
For more information about the preliminary conclusions, see: LSC Preliminary research conclusions 
The Legal Strategy Coalition on Violence Against Indigenous Women (LSC) is a nation-wide ad hoc coalition of groups and individuals formed in 2014 following the murder of Inuk university student Loretta Saunders, to marshal resources that address violence against Indigenous women.
Image: generously donated by www.jonlabillois.com 
Auszug aus dem Interview mit Tanya Tagaq anlässlich Ihres Polaris Music Preises 2014
Quelle: CBC, 23. September 2014
Inuit throat singer Tanya Tagaq tops Drake, Arcade Fire to win 2014 Polaris Music Prize
Tuesday, September 23, 2014 |
She speaks hard truths, and though her music is far from easy listening, Nunavut throat singer Tanya Tagaq has the country's attention. Last night, she won the 2014 Polaris Music Prize for her album Animism, beating out Canadian competitors like Drake and Arcade Fire.
"It felt calm when it happened but I'm getting excited now," Tagaq tells CBC Radio's As It Happenshost Carol Off of her win. "I think it won't be until I'm sitting at home in Manitoba, cooking for my daughters and my family, that I'll really start jumping up and down."
As the winner, Tagaq takes home a $30,000 prize, which is awarded to Canadian recording artists, and judged by a panel of music critics.
"To be totally honest, I think that they're just excited to hear something that they've never heard before," she says about why she beat out higher profile competition for the prize. "Traditional throat singing is done with two women and it's not typically... improvised. I think what we're doing in sense of improvisation is very strong."
Many of the songs on Animism were improvisational.
"There are a couple of songs on the album that are one take, untouched improvisation," she says. "Other tracks on the album have a little bit of embellishment, and some have a lot. There's a full spectrum and I think that's what makes things interesting. Like if you're sitting down for a meal and you have different foods with different flavours and different consistencies, it kind of excites the palette. I think we had a good spectrum of preconceived notions and pure improvisation within the album."
Tanya Tagaq's performance with a 45-person choir at the Polaris gala was widely regarded as a highlight. "We've never worked with that choir before, ever -- that was my first time seeing those people," she says with a laugh. "It added a completely other side [to the performance]... You can't be nervous when you've got 45 people behind you being awesome. It's like, okay, I'm going to join in with this awesome party." (Photo: Screen Capture)
During her performance, her political message was front and centre. She performed in front of a screen rolling a long list of names of murdered and missing Aboriginal women.
"As an indigenous woman myself, I've been watching women, girls, children, old ladies, men too... being hurt, being abused, being raped, being hit, being beaten and being murdered," she explains of why she included the murdered and missing women wall in her performance.
"And people are getting away with it. Society uses a lot of stereotypes and backwards thinking without understanding that the socio-economic crisis we're in is a direct result of the effects of colonialism. To right wrongs, they need to be acknowledged. People also like to think that [the only missing and murdered people are those] who work in the sex trade, but it's not. It's our children, it's our mothers, it's our sisters."
read more: CBC online
1200 Indianerinnen seit 1980 vermisst und ermordet in Kanada
1017 indigene Frauen wurden in den Jahren 1980 bis 2012 in Kanada ermordert, 164 Indianerinnen gelten als vermisst und 225 weitere Fälle sind ungeklärt. Diese schockierende Zahl bestätigte eine Untersuchung der RCMP – der kanadischen Bundespolizei Royal Canadian Mounted Police – in ihrem Abschlussbericht vom Mai 2014.
Erstmals hatte die Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC) 2004 mit dem Bericht „Sisters in Spirit“ das erschreckende Ausmaß der Gewalt an indigenen Frauen in Kanada an die Öffentlichkeit gebracht. Die NWAC hatte 582 Fälle dokumentiert, warnte jedoch vor einer deutlich höheren Dunkelziffer. Obwohl die Situation auch von weiteren Menschenrechtsorganisationen bestätigt wurde, u.a. von Amnesty Canada in der umfassenden Studie „Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence Against Indigenous Women“ (2004), weigerten sich die Behörden bislang, die Zahlen anzuerkennen. 2013 wies zudem eine Untersuchung von Human Rights Watch nach, dass in vielen Fällen auch die Polizeibehörden in die Gewalt an indigenen Frauen verstrickt sind.
Umso überraschender, dass nun die RCMP selbst die aktuellen Zahlen veröffentlichte. Die jahrelangen weltweiten Proteste zeigen damit erstmals Erfolge. Trotz wiederholter Appelle, die indigenen Frauen besser vor der Gewalt zu schützen, bleibt die Polizei allerdings häufig untätig, die Politik fühlt sich im Regelfall nicht zuständig und die Öffentlichkeit nimmt kaum Notiz von einer Katastrophe, die sich in der Mitte der Gesellschaft abspielt. Die Zahl der vermissten und ermordeten Frauen verdeutlicht die bestürzenden Umstände, unter denen die Ureinwohner Kanadas noch heute am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts leiden müssen.
Besonders betroffen sind hiervon die Indianerinnen, denn sie sehen sich doppelter Diskriminierung ausgesetzt: als Frauen und als Indigene.
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